Kinyarwanda

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A language of Rwanda

Alternate Names
Hima, Ikinyarwanda, Orunyarwanda, Ruanda, Rwanda, Rwandan, Urunyaruanda
Population

10,600,000 in Rwanda (2013). Total users in all countries: 11,299,900.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (2003, Constitution, Article 5).

Dialects

Igikiga (Igishiru, Ikigoyi, Kiga, Tshiga), Bufumbwa, Hutu (Hera, Lera, Ndara, Ndogo, Shobyo, Tshogo, Ululera), Rutwa (Twa), Gitwa, Ikinyanduga. Intelligible of Rundi [run].

Typology

SVO; 10 noun classes; no articles; verb affixes mark person, number; tense and aspect; 24 consonant and 5 vowel phonemes; tonal.

Language Development
Poetry. New media. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1954–1993.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Christian, Muslim, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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