L1 users: 4,170,000 (2014). Ethnic population: 3,800,000 (2009 census). Total users in all countries: 4,908,350.
1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Art 5 (1)).
Northern Kyrgyz, Southern Kyrgyz.
SOV;postpositions; no articles; case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense; 19 consonant and 8 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; stress on final syllable; vowel harmony.
L1 for 98% of Kyrgyz. The Ichkilik are a Kyrgyz-speaking people of non-Kyrgyz origin. Also use Russian [rus].
The names Eastern Kyrghyz and Western Kyrghyz have been erroneously applied to Kazakh. Increasing education. Muslim, Buddhist.