Khmu

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A language of Laos

Alternate Names
Kamhmu, Kammu, Kamu, Khamu, Khamuk, Khmu’, Khomu, Kmhmu, Lao Terng, Mou, Pouteng, Pu Thenh, Tenh, Theng
Population

614,000 in Laos (2005 census). Total users in all countries: 703,500.

Location

Scattered in the north.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Yuan, Khroong (Krong, Kroong), Luang Prabang, Sayabury, Cwaa (Lii, Lyy), Rok, U (Eastern Khmu, Uu), Hat. Dialects are grouped into three: Northern Khmu (Cwaa and Yuan), Western Khmu (Khroong and Rok), and Eastern Khmu (Svantesson and Holmer 2015).

Typology

SVO.

Language Development
Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1918.
Writing

Duota script [Qaaf], used in a small collection of villages well away from the rest of the language group, also used in China. Lao script [Laoo]. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion.

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