Keres, Western


A language of United States

Alternate Names
Western Keres Pueblo

3,990 (Ichihashi-Nakayama et al 2007). Includes 1,930 Acoma, 2,060 Laguna (Ichihashi-Nakayama et al 2007); 2015 census lists 13,200 as Keres. Ethnic population: 10,700 (Ichihashi-Nakayama et al 2007). Includes 3,860 Acoma, 6,870 Laguna.


New Mexico: north central.

Language Status

7 (Shifting). Language of registered tribe: Pueblo of Acoma, Pueblo of Laguna.


Acoma, Laguna.

Language Use

Adults only. Also use English [eng].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Laguna dialect is taught as L2 at Laguna elementary school. Grammar. Bible portions: 1966–1997. The pueblo sponsors a language preservation project (Golla 2007).


Latin script [Latn].

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