A language of United States

Alternate Names

6, all users. L1 users: No known L1 speakers (2003). The last speaker, Mabie Eggsman, died in 2003 (2003 L. Juillerat). L2 users: 6 (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 170 (2000 census).


Oregon: east and north of Klamath and Agency lakes.

Language Status

9 (Dormant). Language of registered tribe: Klamath Tribes, Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma, Quartz Valley Indian Community of the Quartz Valley Reservation of California.


None known. Reportedly most similar to Molale [mbe].

Language Use

Shifted to English [eng].

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Revitalization efforts include lessons in Head Start program, classes in local primary school, weekly community meetings (Golla 2007).
Other Comments

Active language programs and materials development in Modoc.

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