Kalinga, Lubuagan


A language of Philippines


30,000 (2008 V. Dumatog), increasing. 113,000 all Kalinga (2005 UNSD).


Cordillera Administrative Region: Baguio city, Kalinga province, Lubuagan, Tabuk city; National Capital Region: Manila.

Language Status

4 (Educational).


Guinaang, Ableg-Salegseg, Balatok-Kalinga (Balatok-Itneg). Intelligibility of Balbalasang dialect 81%, Sumadel [ksc] 82%, Limos [kmk] 70%, 48% comprehension of Ilocano [ilo] narrative. Lexical similarity: 81% with Balbalasang and Limos.


VSO; prepositions; genitives before noun heads; articles, adjectives, and numerals normally before noun heads; relatives after noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; 3 maximum suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, and indirect objects, and given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrases; verb affixes mark number; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal.

Language Use

All domains. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Ilocano [ilo], Tagalog [tgl].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 90%. Literacy rate in L2: 80%. Taught in primary schools. Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. NT: 2013.


Latin script [Latn], in development.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.

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