Kanuri, Central

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A language of Nigeria

Alternate Names
Bornu, Kanouri, Kanoury, Yerwa Kanuri, “Beriberi” (pej.)
Autonym
Kanuri
Population

3,500,000 in Nigeria, all users. L1 users: 3,000,000 (Gunnemark and Kenrick 1985). L2 users: 500,000. Total users in all countries: 4,102,500 (as L1: 3,602,500; as L2: 500,000).

Location

Borno state: Kukawa, Kaga, Konduga, Maiduguri, Monguno, Ngala, Bama, and Gwoza LGAs; Yobe state: Nguru, Geidam, Damaturu, Fika, Fune, and Gujba LGAs; Gombe state: 1 enclave in each of Yamaltu-Deba, Akko, and Kwami LGAs.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto language of provincial identity in Borno, Yobe, and Gombe states, used in education; widespread use generally.

Dialects

Kaga (Kagama), Lare (Lere), Kwayam, Njesko, Kabari (Kuvuri), Ngazar, Guvja, Mao, Temageri, Fadawa, Yerwa. Kwayam dialect not understood by other Kanuri (Lukas 1937). Maiduguri dialect mutually intelligible. Reportedly most similar to Manga Kanuri [kby] and Tumari Kanuri [krt]. Yerwa is central dialect. A member of macrolanguage Kanuri [kau].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Used as L2 by Kibaku [ckl].

Language Development
Radio. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1997.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Latin script [Latn], used since 1949.

Other Comments

Muslim.

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