Alternate Names
Congo, Kikongo, Kongo
Kikoongo, Koongo

8,000,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo, all users. L1 users: 3,000,000 (1982 UBS). L2 users: 5,000,000. Total users in all countries: 10,016,500 (as L1: 5,016,500; as L2: 5,000,000).


Kinshasa province; Kongo Central province: Mbanza Manteke area; Fioti north of Boma, and scattered along Congo River from Brazzaville to its mouth.

Language Status

2 (Provincial).


South Kongo, Cataract, Central Kongo (Manyanga, Mazinga), West Kongo (Fiote, Fioti), Bwende (Buende, Sonde), East Kongo (Ntandu, Santu), South East Kongo (Nkanu, Pende, Zoombo), Nzamba (Dzamba). Part of Kongo subgroup. Other languages of the Kongo group are sometimes regarded as dialects of Koongo (see entries for Beembe [beq], Doondo [dde], Kunyi [njx], Vili [vif], Munukutuba [mkw], and Kituba [ktu]). In Angola, Ndingi and Mboka dialects may be separate languages. A member of macrolanguage Kongo [kon].


SVO (for Nzamba).

Language Development
Radio. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1905–1962.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Fioti also spoken by Buende and Vili peoples. Christian.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All
Page Views Left: