A language of Uganda

Alternate Names
Bakonzo, Bayira, Konjo, Lhukonzo, Olukonjo, Olukonzo, Rukonjo

851,000 (2014 census), increasing. Census based on tribal affiliation.


Southwest, Ruwenzori mountains, Kasese, Kabarole, Ntoroko, and Bundibugyo districts; Olhughendera dialect: Bundibugyo district.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Sanza (Ekisanza), Rukonzo (Rukonjo), Lusongora, Olhughendera. Nande [nnb] (Kinande) in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Konzo [koo] (Lukonzo) in Uganda are 2 varieties of the same language. Nande [nnb] is influenced by French [fra] and Swahili [swh]; Konzo [koo] by Tooro [ttj]. Lexical similarity: 77% with Nande [nnb].

Language Use

Home, market. All ages. Positive attitudes.

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Literature. Radio. Dictionary. Texts. Bible portions: 1914. Agency: Kikinzo Language and Culture Office.

Latin script [Latn], used since 1914.

Other Comments

Konzo (Bakonzo) in Uganda and Nande (Banande) in Democratic Republic of the Congo both feel very much one people, ethnic autonym: Bayira. They believe they originated from the Ruwenzori Mountains; the mountains belong to them and they to the mountains. This plays a very important role in their traditions and identity. Lusongora is the most important dialect. Traditional religion, Christian.

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