A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Komi, Komi-Zyryan, Zyrian

156,000 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 228,000 (2010 census).


Komi Republic, Arkhangel’skaya Oblast’, and Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug; near the Arctic sea; south of Yurak [yrk], west of Vogul (Mansi) [mns] language areas.

Language Status

5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in Komi Republic (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).


Yazva. Lexical similarity: 80% with Komi-Permyak [koi] and Udmurt [udm]. A member of macrolanguage Komi [kom].

Language Use

Komi used in Institute for Language and Literature of the Komi branch of the Academy of Science. Many children learn the language but many stop using it later in life (Salminen 2007). Also use Nenets [yrk], Russian [rus].

Language Development
Grammar. Bible: 1990.

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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