16,000 in South Sudan (2013 SIL). L2 users: 4,000 in South Sudan. Total users in all countries: 20,000 (as L1: 16,000; as L2: 4,000).
Western Bahr el Ghazal State, Raga and north through Katta, Kosho and Boro to Kafia Kingi, south of Radom National Park.
5 (Developing). Recognized language (2011, Transitional Constitution Article 6(1)).
Naka (Kresh-Boro), Gbaya-Ndogo (Kresh-Ndogo), Gbaya-Ngbongbo (Kresh-Hofra), Gbaya-Gboko, Orlo (Woro), Gbaya-Dara, Dongo. 8 tribes and dialects. Gbaya-Ndogo is prestigious and understood by all. Naka is largest and also well understood.
SVO; prepositions; genitives, articles, relatives after noun heads; adjectives before, numerals usually before noun heads; CV, V, CCV (CVC rare); 5 tones.
Latin script [Latn].
Different from Gbaya languages in the Niger-Congo family.