Kurux

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Kadukali, Kurka, Kurukh, Urang, Uraon
Autonym
कुड़ुख़‎ (Kudukh)
Population

1,990,000 in India (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 2,044,200.

Location

Chhattisgarh state: Raigarh and Surguja districts; Jharkhand state: Ranchi district; Odisha state: Jharsuguda and Sundargarh districts; West Bengal state: Jalpaigiri district; Assam, Bihar, and Tripura states.

Language Status

5* (Developing).

Dialects

Oraon. Kisan [xis] and the Oraon dialect have 73% intelligibility. Oraon becoming standard. Related to Kumarbhag Paharia [kmj]. Somec differences from Nepali Kurux [kxl], but mutually intelligible. Lexical similarity: 70%–80% with Nepali Kurux [kxl].

Language Use

Also use Sadri [sck]. Used as L2 by Kodaku [ksz].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 62% Oraon in Chhattisgarh, 25% in Bihar (2001 census). Literature. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2000.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Hindu, Christian.

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