L1 users: 1,750,000 (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 1,804,200.
Chhattisgarh state: Raigarh, and Surguja districts; Jharkhand state: Ranchi district; Odisha state: Jharsuguda and Sundargarh districts; West Bengal state: Jalpaigiri district; Assam, Bihar, and Tripura states.
Used as L2 by Kodaku [ksz].
Devanagari script [Deva].
Oraon is a Scheduled Tribe. Hindu, Christian.