Kanum, Sota


A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Enkelembu, Kenume, Knwne

100 (1996 M. Donohue).


Papua province: Merauke regency, Sota village; south, bordering Papua New Guinea.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. Kanum varieties are separate languages, with difficult mutual intelligibility. Reportedly similar to Yei [jei]. Also classified as Australian, Pama-Nyungan.

Language Use

Home, hunting camps. Used by all. Also use Indonesian [ind], as a trade language or for official purposes. Also use Morori [mok], as a trade language.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 5%.


Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

One ethnic group with Kanum varieties. Clan marriages common, and much ritual exchange. Christian.

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