81,000, all users. 61,000 (1991 SIL). 20,000 (1985 UBS).
East New Britain province: Rabaul district, Gazelle peninsula.
3 (Wider communication). Used as a church language widely in New Ireland and East New Britain provinces within the United Church. It is not used beyond the church domain in most of the language groups that use it for church.
Vunadidir, Rapitok, Raluana, Vanumami, Livuan, Matupit, Kokopo, Kabakada, Nodup, Kininanggunan, Rakunei, Rebar, Watom, Masawa.
Latin script [Latn].