180,000 (Bradley 2007b), increasing. Many monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 185,000.
Yunnan province: primarily southeast Simao prefecture, Jiangcheng, Mojiang, and Pu’er counties.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Hani.
SOV; CV(V); a voiced-voiceless distinction only for fricatives; no tense or nasalized vowels; nouns mostly polysyllabic, other words mostly monosyllabic; many loanwords from Chinese; tonal, 8 tones.
Home, village. All ages. Most also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].
Miao (Pollard) script [Plrd], no longer in use.
Different from Kadu [zkd] in Myanmar.