180,000 in China (Bradley 2007), increasing. Population total all countries: 185,000. Many monolinguals.
Yunnan Province, primarily southeast Simao prefecture, Pu’er, Mojiang, and Jiangcheng counties.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Hani.
SOV; CV(V); a voiced-voiceless distinction only for fricatives; no tense or nasalized vowels; nouns mostly polysyllabic, other words mostly monosyllabic; many loanwords from Chinese; tonal, 8 tones.
Home, village. All ages. Most also use Chinese.
Miao (Pollard) script [Plrd], no longer in use.
Different from Kadu [zkd] in Myanmar.