4,200,000 (1990 UBS). L2 users: 800,000.
Bas-Congo, Kinshasa and south Bandundu provinces.
3 (Wider communication). Statutory provincial language in Bas-Congo, Bandundu regions (2006, Constitution, Article 1(8)).
Ikeleve, Western Kituba, Eastern Kituba. A creole based on the Kikongo dialect spoken in Manianga area (Bas-Congo), but unintelligible to Kikongo speakers of any of the other Kikongo dialects. Influenced by Lingala [lin], French [fra], restructured Swahili [swh], Portuguese [por], and other local dialects. Similar to Kituba [mkw] (Munukutuba) of Congo.
Latin script [Latn].