A language of Ghana

Alternate Names
Kusaas, Kusaasi, Kusale, Kusasi

535,000 in Ghana (2013 UNSD), increasing. 350,000 Agole, 70,000 Toende (2004 SIL). Total users in all countries: 549,000.


Upper East region: Bawku district. Northeast corner.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Toende (Western Kusaal), Agole (Angole, Eastern Kusaal). Further investigation of the Toende dialect in Burkina Faso is needed. Possible marginal intelligibility with Eastern (Angole) Kusaal. Many claim to be able to understand the related languages: Mòoré [mos], Dagbani [dag], Mampruli [maw], and Farefare [gur]. Kusaal is a member of the Mòoré-Dagbani subgroup.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Also use Hausa [hau].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2015.

Latin script [Latn], used since 1968.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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