A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Anak Dalam, Orang Hutan, Orang Rimba

10,000 (1989).


Sumatra, Jambi Province, Sarolangun and Batang Hari regencies, 2 enclaves, eastern swamp region; Sumatera Selatan Province, Musi Banyuasin regency.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Lalang, Bajat, Ulu Lako, Tungkal, Tungkal Ilir, Dawas, Supat, Jambi, Ridan, Nomadic Kubu. Related to Lubu [lcf]. A member of macrolanguage Malay [msa].

Language Use

For Kubu living in settled villages, L1 already replaced in all domains outside the home; for Kubu in Jambi areas (more isolated and less sedentary), the vitality is higher. Home. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Indonesian [ind].

Other Comments

Territory rapidly shrinking, somewhat due to deforestation. Traditional religion, Muslim.

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