Awa-Cuaiquer

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A language of Colombia

Alternate Names
Awa, Coaiquer, Cuaiquer, Kwaiker, Quaiquer
Autonym
Awa Pit, Înkal Awa
Population

L1 users: 12,000 (Civallero 2008), decreasing. No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 13,000 (Crevels 2007). Total users in all countries: 15,130.

Location

Nariño department: Barbacoas area; Cuaiquer del Alto Albí, Cuambíyaslambi, Cumbal, Mallama, and Ricaurte reservations; Pacific slopes of Andes.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

None known. Distantly related to Chachi [cbi] and Colorado [cof].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Majority are monolingual in Spanish [spa] and no evidence of monolingualism in Awa Cuaiquer. Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Below 5%. Literature. Grammar. NT: 2002.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

The presence of petroleum companies, paramilitary groups, guerrilla forces, the cultivation of illicit crops and subsequent widespread fumigation of their territory has had extremely disruptive effects on the Awa society that currently is coping with a very serious acculturation process. Traditional religion, Christian.

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