Kwangali

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A language of Namibia

Alternate Names
Kwangare, Kwangari, Rukwangari, Sikwangali, Vakwángali
Autonym
Rukwángali
Population

130,000 (2017 K. Legère). Ethnic population: 133,000 (2017 K. Legère). Total users in all countries: 152,000.

Location

Kavango East and Kavango West regions.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational). Recognized language (2009, National Curriculum, Basic Education, Sections 4.1.5.1 and 5.5), mainly used as education medium in primary grades.

Dialects

Shambyu (Sambio, Sambiu, Sambyu, Shisambyu). May be intelligible of Gciriku [diu].

Typology

SVO; prepositions; 18 noun classes; passives; tense and aspect; causatives; 18 consonants and 5 vowels; tonal (2 tones: high, low); partial vowel harmony; 1 click phoneme.

Language Use

All domains, including education. All ages. Used as L2 by Hai||om [hgm].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools, as medium of instruction. Taught in secondary schools, as a subject. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Bible: 1987.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Also spoken in:

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