A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Af Kareti, Afa Karatti, Conso, Gato, Karate, Kareti, Khonso, Komso

242,000 in Ethiopia (2010 UNSD), increasing. L2 users: 5,660 in Ethiopia. 139,000 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 247,660 (as L1: 242,000; as L2: 5,660).


Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ region: south of Lake Chamo, Tsegen zone, near Tsegen river bend.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Kholme, Duuro, Fasha, Karatti. Lexical similarity: 55% with Dirasha [gdl], 51% with Bussa [dox], 41% with Gawwada [gwd], 31% with Tsamai [tsb].



Language Use

All domains. Positive attitudes. Also use Amharic [amh]. Used as L2 by Arbore [arv], Bussa [dox], Dirasha [gdl], Ongota [bxe], Tsamai [tsb].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 54% (Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus). Literacy rate in L2: 25%. Pilot classes teaching mother tongue as subject started in government schools in 2013. Radio programs. NT: 2002.

Ethiopic script [Ethi], used in Church literature. Latin script [Latn], official script since mid 1990s, no materials developed yet.

Other Comments

Gat(t)o is a town on both sides of Gatto River; those living on Konso side speak a dialect of Konso; those on Gidole side speak a dialect of Diraytta [gdl]. Traditional religion, Christian.

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