Konso

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A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Af Kareti, Afa Karatti, Conso, Gato, Karate, Kareti, Komso
Autonym
Khonso
Population

247,660 in Ethiopia, all users. L1 users: 242,000 (2007 census), increasing. L2 users: 5,660. 139,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 251,000 (2007 census). Total users in all countries: 247,660 (as L1: 242,000; as L2: 5,660).

Location

Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ region: Segen zone south of Lake Chamo, near Segen River bend.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

Kholme, Duuro, Fasha, Karatti. Lexical similarity: 55% with Dirasha [gdl], 51% with Bussa [dox], 41% with Ale [gwd], 31% with Tsamai [tsb].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Amharic [amh]. Used as L2 by Ale [gwd], Arbore [arv], Bussa [dox], Dirasha [gdl], Ongota [bxe], Tsamai [tsb].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 54% (Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus). Literacy rate in L2: 25%. First grade Mother Tongue pilot classes. Literature. Radio. NT: 2002.
Writing

Ethiopic script [Ethi], used in Church literature. Latin script [Latn], official script since mid 1990s, no materials developed yet.

Other Comments

Gat(t)o is a town on both sides of Gatto River; those living on Konso side speak a dialect of Konso; those on Gidole side speak a dialect of Diraytta [gdl]. Traditional religion, Christian.

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