Kurux, Nepali


A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Dhangar, Jangad, Janghard, Jhangad, Jhanger, Kurux, Oraon, Orau, Uranw, Uraon, Uraw

33,700 (2011 census), decreasing. No monolinguals (2002 UNESCO). Ethnic population: 41,800. Dhagar (Jhagar).


Kosi zone: Sunsari district.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


None known. Some differences from Kurux [kru] in India and Bangladesh, but mutually intelligible.


SOV; postpositions; noun head final; 2 noun classes (human, non-human); content q-word initial; 1 prefix, up to 6 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person, number and genders of subject and object; ergativity; tense and aspect; passives and voice; nontonal; 29 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Home, religion. Mixed use: Friends, work, education. Older adults and elderly. Some use among children, adolescents, and young adults. Also use Assamese [asm], Bhojpuri [bho], Maithili [mai], Marathi [mar], Nepali [npi].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Literature. Newspapers. Radio. Videos. Dictionary. Texts. Bible portions: 1977.

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

The alternate names are used for the people. Hindu.

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