15,000 (2008), increasing. 1,000 monolinguals.
Cordillera Administrative Region: Kalinga province, Tinglayan municipality, Dinongsay, Bugnay, Buscalan, Butbut, Kataw, Loccong, Lucnang, Ngibat, Pakak, and Tabuk city; Calabarzon region: Rizal province, Andaraya, Annenang, Bua, and Malapiat.
VSO; prepositions; genitives before noun heads; articles normally before adjectives, numerals, and noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; 3 maximum suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects and indirect objects, given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrases; verb affixes mark number; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal.
Home, community, church. All ages. Positive attitudes. Most also use Ilocano [ilo], which is acquired through school, travel, media, and use in church.
Latin script [Latn], in development.
Christian, traditional religion.