A language of India

Alternate Names
Bedia, Dharua, Khotta, Kurmali, Kurmali Thar, Kurumali

37,000 in India (IMA 1997). Total users in all countries: 37,230.


Assam state: Darrang, Golaghat, Jorhat, and Sonitpur districts; Jharkhand state: east side; Odisha state: Keonjhar, Mayourbhanj, and Sundargargh districts; West Bengal state: Bankura Malda, west Midnapur, Nadia, and west Purulia districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. Lexical similarity: 58%–89% between varieties, 61%–86% with Panchpargania [tdb], 58%–72% with Magahi (Khortha) [mag], 51%–73% with Sadri [sck], 46%–53% with Odia [ory], 41%–55% with Bengali [ben], 44%–58% with Hindi [hin].

Language Use

Vigorous, but most young people in Odisha speak Odia [ory] among themselves rather than Kudmali. All domains. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Bengali [ben], Hindi [hin], Odia [ory].

Language Development

There are Pre-degree, Degree, and Masters level programs in Kudmali. Literature.


Bengali (Bangla) script [Beng], used in West Bengal. Devanagari script [Deva], used in Jharkhand. Oriya (Odia) script [Orya], used in Odisha.

Other Comments

Kudmali is spoken by the Kurmi people of Assam brought to the tea gardens from Bihar, Odisha, and West Bengal. Hindu.

Page Views Left: