A language of Israel

Alternate Names
Cudeo-Espanyol, Djudeo-Espagnol, Djudezmo, Djudyó, Dschudeo-Espanjol, Dzhudeo-Espanyol, Dzhudezmo, Dzidió, Dzsudeo-Eszpanyol, Dzudezmo, Dżudeo-Espańol, Džudeo-Espanjol, Eshpanyol, Eshpanyolit, Espanyol, Espanyolit, Español sefardita, Franco Espanyol, Giudeo-Espagnol, Giudeo-Espaneol, Jidió, Jidyo, Jūdeo-Esupanyōru, Judeo Spanish, Judeo-Espagnol, Judeo-Espaniol, Judeo-Espanýol, Judeo-Español, Judesmo, Judezmo, Judyo, Judío, Lešon Sepharadim, Romance, Romance Espanyol, Sefardi, Sepharadi, Sephardi, Sephardic, Shpanyol, Shpanyolit, Spanyol, Spanyolit, Spanyolo, Tzoudeo-Espaniol, Xhudeo-Espanjol, Zargon, Ġudeo-Espanjol, Ǧudéo-Españól
גﬞודיאו־איספאנייול‎ (Djudeo-espanyol), לאדינו‎ (Ladino)

125,000 in Israel (2016). Total users in all countries: 133,016.


Jerusalem district and scattered.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).


Judezmo (Dzhudezmo, Jidyo, Judyo), Ladino, Haquetiya (Haketia, Haketiya, Hakitia, Haquetía). The Balkan dialect is more influenced by Turkish [tur] and Greek [ell]. The North African dialect is more influenced by Arabic [arb]and French [fra].

Language Use

Not the dominant language for most. Formerly the main language of Sephardic Jewry. Used in literary and music contexts. Also use Hebrew [heb].

Language Development

Newspapers. Radio. Dictionary. Bible: 1829.


Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used by Sephardic speakers in the Balkans. Hebrew script [Hebr]. Latin script [Latn], used in Turkey.

Other Comments

Different from Ladin [lld] in the Rhaeto-Romansch group. Jewish.

Also spoken in:

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