L1 users: 7,000 (2014 SIL), increasing. Ethnic population: 15,000. Total users in all countries: 9,320.
Kosi zone: north Sankhuwasabha district to the border, Chepuwa VDC, Chepuwa, Chhumusur, Chyamtang, Gumba, and Rukuma villages; Hatiya VDC, Hatiya, Hungung, Namase, Pharang, Shiprung, Simbung, and Syaksila villages; southernmost village is Seksum in Arun valley; some in Kathmandu.
5 (Developing). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Lhomi (Shingsawa).
SOV; postpositions; noun head initial; masculine and feminine (limited class); content q-word precedes the main verb; 1 prefix, up to 3 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; split ergativity; aspect; no passives or voice; tonal (tense-lax); 23 consonant and 8 vowel phonemes; evidentiality is a salient feature of Lhomi syntax.
Vigorous. Home, friends, religion; mixed use: Work. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Central Tibetan [bod]. Also use Nepali [npi], especially educated people (fluently), women (increasingly), and 90% of men for trade. Used as L2 by Eastern Tamang [taj], Gurung [gvr], Khaling [klr], Naaba [nao], Thudam [thw].
Devanagari script [Deva].
Traditional religion, Buddhist, Christian.