A language of China

Alternate Names
Kaixien, Kucong, Kutsong, Lahuna, Laku, Moso, Muhso, Mussar, Musso, Mussuh, Namen, “Lohei” (pej.)

280,000 (Bradley 2007b). Total users in all countries: 540,850.


Yunnan province: Lincang prefecture, Gengma Dai, and Va autonomous counties; Simao prefecture, Lahu, Lancang Lahu, Menglian Dai, and Va autonomous counties.

Language Status

4 (Educational). Language of recognized nationality: Lahu.


Na (Black Lahu, Lahu Na, Lahuna, Lohei, Musser Dam, Northern Lahu), Nyi (Musse Daeng, Red Lahu, Southern Lahu), Shehleh. Standard dialect: Na. Black Lahu dialect and Lahu Shi [lhi] have difficult intelligibility. Lahu Shi and Kucong Lahupu (White Lahu dialect, in Zhenyuan County, China) are distinct.


SOV; Lü [khb] and Hani [hni] loanwords.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Blang [blr], Hani [hni], Lü [khb], Mandarin Chinese [cmn], Vo Wa [wbm]. Used as L2 by Lahu Shi [lhi], Laomian [lwm], Sangkong [sgk], Shihu [sxg], Vo Wa [wbm].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 63%. Literacy rate in L2: Low in Chinese. Taught in primary schools. Literature. Newspapers. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1989.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Buddhist, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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