Ladin

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A language of Italy

Alternate Names
Dolomite, Rhaeto-Romance
Population

20,000 in Italy (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 38,000.

Location

South Tyrol (German Südtirol, Italian Alto Adige), Bolzano autonomous province, Gherdëina Valley, (Italian Val Gardena, German Grödnertal); Badia Valley (Italian Val Badia, German Gadertal); Trento (Trient) autonomous province, Trentino, in Fascia Valley (Italian Val di Fassa, German Fassatal); Belluno province, Fodom (Italian Livinallongo, German Buchenstein); Anpezo (Italian Ampezzo, Cortina d’Ampezzo area). Also in United States.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Ampezzano, Atesino, Badiotto (Gadertalisch), Cadorino, Fassano, Gardenese (Grödnerisch, Grüdno), Livinallese, Marebbano (Ennebergisch), Nones (Nones Blot, Nonese, Nonesh, Parlata Trentina).

Language Use

Some children learn it but stop using it at school age (2007). Positive attitudes. Also use German [deu] or Italian [ita].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools.
Writing
Latin script.
Other Comments

Written since 1800 in Italy. Dialects of Gardenese, Badiotto, and Fassano taught in school. Distinct from Ladino [lad], Judeo-Spanish.