L1 users: 3,600,000 (2002). Total users in all countries: 3,903,000.
Lombardy region: except for southern portions of Pavia, Cremona, and Montova provinces, includes 3 valleys from Italian Graubunden: Mesoldina, Bregaglia, and Poschiavo; Piedmont region: Novara province; Veneto region: east shoreline area, Lake Garda; Trentino-Alto Adige region: western Trentino border area; small areas in Emilia-Romagna region along Po river northwest of Piacenza.
Milanese, Eastern Lombard, Western Lombard (Nicosia, Novara, Piazza Armerina, San Fratello), Alpine Lombard, Novarese Lombard, Trentino Western, Latin Fiamazzo, Latin Anaunico, Bergamasco, Ticinese (Ticino). A group of varieties, some of which may be separate languages. Western Lombard dialects (of Ticino and Graubünden) inherently intelligible. Speakers in more conservative valleys may have to use some kind of standard dialect to communicate with those of other dialects of Lombard. Lombard varieties in Piedmont region are mutually intelligible with neighboring Piedmontese [pms] dialects. Very different from standard Italian [ita].
In towns and among younger generations the use of Lombard has diminished significantly (Salminen 2007). Also use Italian [ita].
Latin script [Latn], used in the 19th century.