Luri, Northern


A language of Iran

Alternate Names
Lori, Luri, Luristani

1,760,000 (2014 J. Leclerc).


Ilam province; Hamadan province: south; Khuzestan province: Andimeshk; Lorestan province: Borujerd, and Khorramabad; Markazi province: south edge.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Feyli, Khorramabadi, Borujerdi, Nahavandi, Andimeshki, Bala-Gariva’i, Mahali (Rural Mahali), Cagani, Solasi. Major Northern Luri dialects (Khorramabadi, Borujerdi) are found in Lorestan and Khuzestan. Borujerdi might be transitional between Luri and Persian [pes], as many city dialects are. Some areas in Ilam Province (Posht-e Kuh) reportedly speak Northern Luri dialects. A few villages in Iraq, using a dialect of Northern Luri (Fattah 2000). Reportedly similar to Kumzari [zum]. Lexical similarity: Mahali dialect: 80% with Iranian Persian [pes], 69% with Laki [lki], and 73% with Bakhtiâri [bqi] (Haflang); Khorramabadi dialect: 85% with Iranian Persian [pes], 78% with Laki [lki], and 75% with Bakhtiâri (Haflang). Similarity to Iranian Persian [pes] is due to lexical borrowing and language shift.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, commerce. Used by all. Also use Iranian Persian [pes], Laki [lki]. Used as L2 by Iranian Persian [pes], Laki [lki], Southern Kurdish [sdh].

Language Development

Radio. TV. Dictionary. Grammar.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran].

Other Comments

Ethnic groups: Pish-e Kuh, some parts of Posht-e Kuh. Muslim.

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