Luba-Kasai

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Alternate Names
Bena-Lulua, Ciluba, Luba-Lulua, Luva, Western Luba
Autonym
Tshiluba
Population

7,000,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo, all users. L1 users: 6,300,000 (1991 UBS). L2 users: 700,000. Total users in all countries: 7,060,000 (as L1: 6,360,000; as L2: 700,000).

Location

Kasai-Oriental; Kasai province: southeastern third; Sankuru province.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Kasai Region (2006, Constitution, Article 1(8)).

Dialects

Lulua, Luluwa, West Luba. Significant dialect differences between East Kasai region (Baluba people) and West Kasai region (Bena Lulua people). Reportedly similar to Hemba [hem].

Language Use

Also use French [fra].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Over 60% among Christians. Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1927–1996.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian.

Also spoken in:

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