A language of India

Alternate Names
Bihari, Magadhi, Magaya, Maghai, Maghaya, Maghori, Magi, Magodhi, Megahi

L1 users: 14,000,000 (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 14,046,400 (as L1: 14,035,600; as L2: 10,800).


Bihar state: Bhagalpur, Gaya, eastern Patna districts; Jharkhand state: Hazaribagh district, north Chota Nagpur area; West Bengal state: Maldah district.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


Southern Magahi, Northern Magahi, Central Magahi, Khortha.

Language Use

Religion. Positive attitudes. Also use Hindi [hin], especially educated people, city-dwellers, and those who travel.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 30%. Literacy rate in L2: 30% in Hindi [hin]. Bhojpuri [bho] can use Magahi materials. Newspapers. Periodicals. Radio. Grammar. NT: 1826.

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Hindu, Jain, traditional religion.

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