Mazatec, Huautla


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Enna, Highland Mazatec, Mazateco de Huautla de Jimenez, Mazateco de la Sierra, Mazateco del Centro

74,600 (2000 INALI). Over 100,000 Mazatec speakers live outside the Mazatec homeland, mostly in major cities (2005 census). Probably at least half speak L1. 22,400 monolinguals.


Oaxaca state: Huautla northeast to Presa Miguel Aleman, and Puebla.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


San Mateo, San Miguel, Mazateco de presa alto, Mazateco del Norte. 90% intelligibility of San Jerónimo Tecóatl [maa] (most similar, but less in outlying areas), 60% of Mazatlán, 35% of Jalapa [maj]. Lexical similarity: 94% with San Miguel, 93% with San Mateo, 80% with Soyaltepec, 78% with San Pedro Ixcatlán, 74% with Jalapa de Díaz.


Short words; tonal; whistle speech, distinguishing tones of the spoken language (Cowan 1948, Cowan 1952).

Language Use

Vigorous. Mazatec is needed and used locally, but use Spanish [spa] for prestige. All domains. All ages. Also use Spanish [spa], increasingly in Huautla City.

Language Development
Grammar. NT: 1961.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.

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