Manobo, Western Bukidnon


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Manobo, Menuvù, Western Bukidnon

15,000 (2008 SIL). 227,000 all Manobo (2005 UNSD). Ethnic population: 15,000.


Northern Mindanao region: south Bukidnon province, Dangcagan, Don Carlos, Kitaotao, and especially Maramag municipalities; Soccsksargen region: North Cotabato province, Banisilan municipality.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Ilentungen, Kiriyenteken, Pulangiyen.


VSO; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals all before noun heads; relatives after noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; maximum number of affixes: 5 prefixes, 1 suffix; word order distinguishes subject, object and direct objects, given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrase; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal.

Language Use

Home, church, and community. Used by all. Positive attitudes. L2 is acquired through the community and used in school, community.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 45%. Literacy rate in L2: 45%. Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2016.


Latin script [Latn].

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