L1 users: 5,630 (2000 INALI). 500 monolinguals (2005 census). Ethnic population: 12,000.
Oaxaca state: Santiago Amoltepec municipality, Sola de Vega district, Barranca Oscura, Colonia de Jesús, El Armadillo, El Cocal, El Laurel, El Mamey, El Zapote, La Mesilla, La Tortuga, Las Cuevas, Llano Conejo and Llano Tigre. 20 villages.
None known. 63% intelligibility of Ixtayutla [vmj], 52% of Pinotepa Nacional [mio], 46% of Yosondúa [mpm], 42% of Southwestern Tlaxiaco Mixtec [meh], 32% of Zacatepec [mza], 25% of San Juan Colorado [mjc], 20% of Jamiltepec [mxt], 15% of Chayuco [mih]. People manage to communicate with Ixtayutla, but not Yosondúa, Zacatepec, or Jamiltepec.
VSO; prepositions; head-genitive; article-noun; number-noun; noun-adj; question word initial; no casemarking affixes; verb clitics may substitute for free subjects; non-ergative; causative prefix on verbs; comparatives: x big-more face y; CV, CCV, and (max) CCCVC; tonal.
Functionally monolingual parents pass Mixtec on to children. There are 2 or 3 villages, apparently founded by outsiders, with no Mixtec speakers. In all other villages, there are Mixtec speakers, but in some, very few children learn it; in others, most of them learn it (2011). Home, friends, religion, work. All ages. Mixed attitudes. Older adults want to preserve the language. A few also use English [eng]. Also use Spanish [spa], with basic proficiency in Amoltepec center. Those in outlying rancherías are quite monolingual. Communication often carried on in 2 languages; one speaking Mixtec and the other Spanish. Many children speak Spanish more than Mixtec, though they may know Mixtec. In some communities, children no longer learn to speak Mixtec. Used as L2 by Ixtayutla Mixtec [vmj].
Latin script [Latn].
Traditional religion, Christian.