Maka

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A language of Paraguay

Alternate Names
Enimaca, Enimaga, Maca, Macá, Maká, Towolhi
Autonym
Mak’á
Population

1,040 (Crevels 2011). 400 monolinguals (2011). Ethnic population: 1,300 (Crevels 2011).

Location

Alto Paraná department: Micro Centro; Central department: Comunidad Maka (Corumba Kue); Cordillera department; possibly Itapúa department, Ita Paso; Presidente Hayes department: Villa Hayes and Kenkukek; San Pedro department; Paraguai river, northeast of Asuncion.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). Recognized language (2010, Languages Act, No. 4251, Article 2).

Language Use

Vigorous. Older adults and preschool children monolingual. Home, village, church. All ages. Positive attitudes. Strong cultural cohesion and strong language identity. Also use Spanish [spa], especially among men.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 30%–50%. Literacy rate in L2: 40% in Spanish [spa]. Taught in primary schools. NT: 2013.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian.

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