Malay, Pattani


A language of Thailand

Alternate Names
Jawi, Jawi-Malay, Yawi, oré Jawi
ภาษายาวี‎ (Baso Jawi)

1,470,000 (2010 census).


Narathiwat, Pattani, and Yala provinces; Songkhla province: Saba Yoi and Thepha districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. Different from Kedah Malay [meo] and Standard Malay [zsm]. Also different from Patani [ptn]. A member of macrolanguage Malay [msa].

Language Use

Some young people don’t use the full spectrum of Pattani Malay [mfa] vocabulary anymore that their grandparents and parents use. However, young people can undertand Pattani Malay [mfa]. Young people use more Thai [tha] now in their daily life especially in primary school. Used by all. Most also use Thai [tha].

Language Development

Taught in primary schools, but only in some pilot schools. Literature. Dictionary. NT: 1981.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Thai script [Thai].

Other Comments

Preferable ethnonym: Jawi or Jawi-Malay. Ethnic autonym: oré Jawi. Muslim.

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