L1 users: 7,000 (1997). Ethnic population: 32,000.
Tanga region: Lushoto district, Usambara mountains.
Cha ndani, Cha kawaida.
A mixed language; Bantu inflectional (prefix and concord) system with Cushitic vocabulary. Derivational morphemes are Bantu and Cushitic (or non-Bantu). The Bantu influence is from Pare and Shambala.