Mikasuki

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Hitchiti, Miccosukee, Mikasuki Seminole
Population

290 (2015 census). Spoken by most of the 400 members of the Miccosukee Tribe as well as by many of the 2,700 members of the Seminole Tribe (Golla 2007). 35 monolinguals.

Location

Florida: Big Cypress, Immokalee, Hollywood, and Tampa Seminole reservations.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of registered tribe: Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, Seminole Tribe of Florida.

Dialects

Hitchiti, Mikasuki. Hitchiti dialect is extinct. Not intelligible with Alabama [akz] or Koasati [cku].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Full range of social functions, spoken by tribal leaders, in churches, and at ceremonial groups, as well as in some schools (Golla 2007). Monolinguals only among older adult women. Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Muskogee [mus].

Language Development
Bible portions: 1980–1985.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

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