Maidu, Northwest


A language of United States

Alternate Names
Concow, Holólupai, Konkau, Konkow, Koyoomk’awi, Koyoongk’awi, Maiduan, Mechoopda, Meidoo, Michopdo, Nákum, Secumne, Sekumne, Tsamak, Yuba, “Digger” (pej.)

No known L1 speakers. Survived into the 2000s. Ethnic population: 200 (1977 SIL).


California: Butte, and Yuba counties, Feather river, Oroville area. Ethnic group scattered.

Language Status

9 (Dormant). Language of registered tribe: Enterprise Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California, Mechoopda Indian Tribe of Chico Rancheria, Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California, Round Valley Indian Tribes-Round Valley Reservation.


None known. A separate language from other Maidu varieties.

Language Use

Shifted to English [eng].

Language Development

Grammar. Revitalization efforts led by the Konkow Language Preservation Group.

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