A language of India

Alternate Names
Hill Pantaram, Malapantaram, Malepantaram, Pandaram Basha

5,850 (2001 census).


Kerala state: Kollam and Pathanamthitta districts, some in Kottayam and Palakkad districts; Tamil Nadu state: Coimbatore, Maduari, and Villupuram districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b* (Threatened).


None known. Lexical similarity: 83%–94% between varieties in Kerala, 63%–68% with Malayalam [mal], 64%–68% with Tamil [tam].

Language Use

Shift toward Malayalam [mal] in Kerala. Home, community. Negative attitudes. Many also use Malayalam [mal], except written.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 48% for Kerala, 59% for Tamil Nadu (2001 census).

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Hindu, traditional religion.

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