A language of India

Alternate Names
Inavan petch, Mannan Pasha, Manne, Mannyod

7,850 (2001 census). 7,760 in Kerala, 82 in Tamil Nadu. Ethnic population: 12,000 (Shaw 2008).


Kerala state: Idukki district, Devikulam, Pirmed, and Udumpanchola sub-districts; Tamil Nadu state: scattered in Madurai district.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Little variation between varieties with 92% intelligibility, 70% intelligibility of Malayalam [mal]. Lexical similarity: 86%–96% between varieties, 57%–61% with Tamil [tam], 56%–64% with Malayalam [mal].

Language Use

Shifting to Malayalam [mal]; still used by some children. Home, village, religion. Some young people, all adults. Positive attitudes. Interest in language development. Also use Malayalam [mal], especially the educated and those having contact with outsiders.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 50% for Kerala, 84% for Tamil Nadu (2001 census). Grammar. NT: 2018.


Malayalam script [Mlym].

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Not the same as the Scheduled Caste Mannan in Trivandrum and other adjoining districts of Kerala and Tamil Nadu who speak Malayalam. Romanized spelling is the same but the Scheduled Caste name is pronounced with retroflex double n. Hindu, traditional religion.

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