Macedonian

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A language of Macedonia

Alternate Names
Macedonian Slavic, Makedonski, Slavic
Population

1,340,000 in Macedonia (2002 census). Ethnic population: 1,300,000 (2002 census). Total users in all countries: 1,476,550.

Location

Bitola, Debar-Galchnik, Gevgelija, Kichevo, Kratovo, Kumanovo, Prilep, Strumica and Veles municipalities; Lake Dojran area.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 7(1)).

Dialects

Northern Macedonian, Southeastern Macedonian, Western Macedonian. Standard dialect recognized in 1944.

Typology

SVO; gender (masculine/feminine/neuter); definite article suffix; verb affixes mark person, number; passives (active, middle, passive); 26 consonant and 5 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; stress on antepenultimate syllable.

Language Use

Positive attitudes.

Language Development
Newspapers. Radio programs. Grammar. Bible: 1990–2006.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used since 1944.

Other Comments

Called Slavic in Greece, considered a dialect of Bulgarian [bul] by some in Bulgaria.

Also spoken in:

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