L1 users: 1,380,000 (2015). Ethnic population: 1,300,000 (2002 census). Total users in all countries: 1,612,550.
Bitola, Debar-Galchnik, Gevgelija, Kichevo, Kratovo, Kumanovo, Prilep, Strumica and Veles municipalities; Lake Dojran area.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 7(1)).
Northern Macedonian, Southeastern Macedonian, Western Macedonian. Standard dialect recognized in 1944.
SVO; gender (masculine/feminine/neuter); definite article suffix; verb affixes mark person, number; passives (active, middle, passive); 26 consonant and 5 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; stress on antepenultimate syllable.
Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used since 1944.
Called Slavic in Greece, considered a dialect of Bulgarian [bul] by some in Bulgaria.