L1 users: 1,490,000 (2014 J. Leclerc).
Mainly between Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire.
3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (2002, Constitution, Article 6), recognized as lingua franca. Kituba is used throughout the south in churches, the market and the media (2014 SIL).
None known. Reportedly similar to Kituba [ktu] of Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Latin script [Latn].
Main language of the south.