20,000. 18,000 or more in East Makian, 2,000 or more in Kayoa (1983 SIL).
Maluku Utara Province, Kota Tidore Kepaluan regency, Halmahera island, west coast, nearby east Makian, south Mori, Kayoa, Bacan, and Obi islands.
East Makian, Kayoa (Kajoa). Similar to Gane [gzn].
Positive attitudes. Also use Indonesian [ind].
A volcanic eruption on Makian Island, transmigrations, speakers of other languages in the area and pressure from those languages have taken a toll on vitality. Transmigration project near Kao. Muslim.