L1 users: 4,000 (Lynch and Crowley 2001), increasing.
Sanma province: north Malo island; some in Port Vila and Santo.
Nominative-accusative, head marking. Conservative in phonology, morphology, and lexicon, reflecting many of the attributes posited for Proto Oceanic. Extensive derivational morphology and serial verb constructions.
Southern dialect used only by a few elderly people. Home, gardens, market. All ages.
Latin script [Latn].