A language of China

Alternate Names
Ai Nan

30,000 (GXLOUS 2005), decreasing. A few thousand women and children are monolingual. Ethnic population: 101,000 (2010 census).


Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Huanjiang Maonan autonomous county, Xianan area: Nandan, Yishan, and Yizhou; a few in Du’an and Hechi counties; Guizhou province: south central small border area.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b* (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality: Maonan.


SVO; numbers and adjectives follow nouns; reduplication; glottalized, prenasalized, palatalized, and labialized onsets; nasal and stop finals; many Chinese loans; tonal, 6 tone categories in unchecked syllables, 2 in checked (split into 4 according to vowel length).

Language Use

75% use it at home; 62% use it outside the home; 72% speak it to their children (GXLOUS 2005). Positive attitudes. Most also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], or other local languages (GXLOUS 2005).

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 93% (2000 census, Manon nationality). Taught in primary schools. Radio. Grammar.


Han script, Simplified variant [Hans]. Han script, Traditional variant [Hant].

Other Comments

Daoist, Christian.

Page Views Left: