Maonan

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Ai Nan
Population

30,000 (GXLOUS 2005), decreasing. A few thousand women and children are monolingual. Ethnic population: 107,000 (2000 census).

Location

Guangxi province: Huanjiang Maonan autonomous county, Xianan area: Nandan, Yishan, and Yizhou; a few in Du’an and Hechi counties; Guizhou province: south central small border area.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality: Maonan.

Typology

SVO; numbers and adjectives follow nouns; reduplication; glottalized, prenasalized, palatalized, and labialized onsets; nasal and stop finals; many Chinese loans; tonal, 6 tone categories in unchecked syllables, 2 in checked (split into 4 according to vowel length).

Language Use

75% use it at home; 62% use it outside the home; 72% speak it to their children (GXLOUS 2005). Positive attitudes. Most also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], or other local languages (GXLOUS 2005).

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 93% (2000 census, Manon nationality). Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Grammar.
Writing

Han script, Simplified variant [Hans]. Han script, Traditional variant [Hant].

Other Comments

Daoist, Christian.

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