Miao, Western Xiangxi


A language of China

Alternate Names
Eastern Miao, Ghao-Xong, Hsianghsi Miao, Huayuan Miao, Meo Do, Northern Miao, Red Meo, Red Miao, West Hunan Miao, Western Ghao-Xong, Western West-Hunan Miao

820,000 (Wang and Mao 1995), decreasing.


Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Nandan county, Hechi municipality; Guizhou province: Songtao county, southeast Chongqing and Tongren municipalities, Xiushan and Youyang counties; Hubei province: Xuan’en county; Hunan province: Baojing, Fenghuang, Guzhang, Huadan, Jishou, Longshan, and Xinhuang Mayang counties.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a* (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Miao.


None known. Inherently unintelligible of other Miao varieties. A member of macrolanguage Hmong [hmn].

Language Use

Vigorous, strong sense of ethnic identity. Most domains except education. Positive attitudes. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 40% or more. Dictionary.


Latin script [Latn], pinyin-based, 1951–1956, 1958–1969, and from 1978, experimental.

Other Comments

Traditional religion.

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