A language of Cameroon

Alternate Names
Central Yambassa, Mmala, Numala, Yambassa

8,000 (2014 G. Boyd).


Centre region: Mbam-and-Inoubou division, Mmala canton, in and south of Bokito.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Nuenie (Benyi), Nukitia (Kedia). Lexical similarity: 81% with Elip [ekm], 74% with Yangben [yav], 58% with Nubaca [baf], 44% with Mbule [mlb] (2015 G. Boyd).

Language Use

Even in the village and at home, some children use French [fra]. Speakers do not think French will replace Mmaala. Religious services. Some young people, all adults. Most also use Elip [ekm], Yangben [yav]. Most also use French [fra], from school age on. A few also use Bulu [bum], especially in the Presbyterian Church (EPC). Also use Ewondo [ewo], especially in the Catholic Church, generally in singing only. Used as L2 by Elip [ekm], Yangben [yav].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 1%. Mmaala is begining to be taught in the public schools (couple of hours per week). Dictionary. Bible portions: 2007.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, Muslim, traditional religion.

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