A language of Chad


410,000 (2013 J. Leclerc). 137,000 Bilala, 76,700 Kuka, and 19,200 Medogo.


Barh el Gazel region: southeast; Batha region: Batha Est department, Ati subprefecture, Batha Ouest department, Oum Hadjer subprefecture; Lake Fitri area east to Ati (Bilala dialect); Bokoro subprefecture, Moïto to Bokoro, and Ati to Oum Hadjer (Kuka dialect); southwest of Ati (Medogo dialect).

Language Maps
Language Status

6a* (Vigorous).


Bilala (Bilaala, Boulala, Bulala, Ma, Mage), Kuka (Kouka, Lisi), Medogo (Modogo, Mud). Related but not inherently intelligible of Berakou [bxv] or Kenga [kyq]. Lexical similarity: between Bilala, Kuka, and Medogo dialects is 99%.

Language Use

Some also use Chadian Spoken Arabic [shu], especially the Kuka ethnic group, who live near Oum Hadjer.

Language Development



Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Bilala, Kuka, and Medogo are 3 ethnic groups who share a common culture and speak essentially the same language. Muslim.

Page Views Left: